Types of Flowers – Flowers are beautiful, come in a massive array of shapes, sizes, and colors. Different types of flowers are used for many reasons in almost all cultures. Flowers differentiate from one region to another and when they actually bloom depends on their natural environment. Tropical flowers, wildflowers, roses, tulips, and carnations have been used for bouquets, centerpieces, and adornments in a woman’s hair.
As for color, there’s a rainbow of choices including, white, red, pink, orange, yellow, and their incredible scents that range from very sweet to spicy. Artists and poets, alike, have rejoiced in the beauty of flowers.
Types of Flowers & Plants
Species of plants date back to the beginning of time and what many people don’t realize, there are well over 400,000 species of plants! That is more than the number of species of butterflies, birds, and bees put together!
Types of flowers and plants can be found everywhere including grasslands, forests, deserts, and many other locations. Of course, flowers are also found in thousands and thousands of gardens from national parks to your backyard.
If you are a novice and want to start your own little paradise in your yard, you should first know what types of flowers will work best for you and how to keep them healthy. With the incredibly large selection of flowers, it can become a little overwhelming!
We have put together a large library of flowers for you to read up on to understand their individual needs from proper soils, the amount of sunlight required, and watering needs. You should also know what zones various flowers grow the best in. So read on and find the perfect types of flowers for your garden, for a bouquet, or a potted plant for a friend.
This plant grows from a bulb and is the first flower to bloom in the spring. They are a lovely bright yellow in color and work best if planted in a large group. They offer a magnificent aroma which is similar to honey.
Aconite needs partial shade and good draining soil. They will grow 0.25 to 0.5 feet in height and do best in zones 4 to 9. They bloom in the early spring and are quite resistant to deer!
Ageratum aka Flossflower:
This lovely flower comes in pink flowers, white, and blue blossoms. They vary in height but the taller ones are great as cut flowers to display in your home. The really small, low to the ground varieties are best used for ground cover in your garden.
They work best in partial shade to full sun and need good draining soil. They will grow from 0.5 to 2 feet in height and bloom from mid-summer to mid-fall. The best zones for Ageratum are 5 to 9.
Allium Types of Flowers:
Known for their splendid tall stems and large round heads. Allium comes in 5 different varieties with blooms that are usually violet, but some varieties are blue or pink flowers.
They need full sun to grow well and need really good draining soil. They do best in zones 3 to 10 and can grow in height from 1 to 6 feet. They bloom during late spring and mid-summer.
There are approximately 120 species of this flower but the most common are native to North America. This is a very dainty plant that will not grow well in droughts, wet winter months, or windy areas. They come in white, violet, and pink flowers.
Anemone does well in partial shade or full sunlight and needs well-draining soil that is high in nutrients. Their height ranges from 2.5 to 5 feet and will bloom during mid-spring to mid-fall. They do best in zones 3 to 9 and are resistant to deer.
This plant is often found in tea or herbal drinks and their stems are often used for making candy. There are well over 50 species and attracts many pollinators including bees. They are known for their incredibly large star-burst flowers that bloom in white or green.
They do really well in either partial shade or full sunlight and demand a well-drained soil that is high in nutrients. They bloom in the summer months and will grow to 3 to 6 feet in height. Angelica is resistant to deer and works best in zones 4 to 9.
Angelonia works really well in a container garden and will continually bloom throughout the entire summer even after old blooms have been removed. Once they are at a good height, you can cut them and bring them inside. They have a wonderful scent that is very similar to apples.
This type of flower needs full sun and a damp soil. They will continually bloom from mid-summer to mid-fall and will tolerate heat. They grow to heights of 2 to 3 feet and work best in zones 9 to 11.
If you live in an area that experiences droughts, this type of flower will tolerate really well. The plant has a beautiful silver-colored flower and will do well even with minimal watering. You can create are really lovely garden with Artemisia in your rather drought-stricken region.
Artemisia needs full sun and good draining soil. They are non-invasive and bloom in late summer. They will grow from 6 to 8 feet in height and do best in zones 6 to 8.
This beautiful, bright flower is appropriately named after the Latin word meaning star. They attract butterflies and come in a large range of colors including violet, white, red, blue, indigo, and pink flowers. They usually continue to bloom in the cooler months of fall.
Asters do well in partial shade to full sunlight and need good draining soil. They bloom in late spring and grow from 0.25 to 4 feet in height. They do best in zones 4 to 8.
Astilbe aka False Goat’s Beard:
Its flowers are long and fern-like which is actually deceptive because they are quite delicate in nature. This flower is native to mountain areas and woodlands in Asia and North America. There are approximately 18 species and can grow in a great deal of shade but will not bloom very often. This is a great plant for adding color in a garden that gets little sunlight and can tolerate damp soil. To prolong the foliage, provide some shade from the hot afternoon sun.
They prefer partial shade to full sunlight and good draining, humus-rich soil. Dry soil will kill this plant. They bloom in the late spring to early fall and will grow to 1.5 to 6 feet in height. They do best in zones 4 to 9.
This flower was named after the French artist, Claude Aubriet who was famous for painting them. This is a spreading plant that is low to the ground and blooms with small white, violet, and pink flowers. This is a perfect plant for rock gardens and really loves sandy soil.
Aubrieta like full sunlight and good draining nutrient-rich soil. They bloom from mid-spring to early summer and are non-invasive in gardens. They grow from 0.5 to 0.75 feet and do best in zones 4 to 9.
Azalea Pink Flowers:
These gorgeous, elegant flowers are known for their brilliant colors and foliage. The blooms are deep purple that will turn soft lilac and the magenta will turn pink. There are literally thousands of varieties to choose from and require very little care.
They thrive in partial shade and need good draining soil. They bloom during the spring months and will grow 3 to 4 feet in height and do best in zones 3 to 6.
This flower starts off with hollow buds that, as it continues to grow, will burst open into a beautiful star-shaped flower. These flowers are quite resilient to many garden conditions, does well in different soils, sun and watering levels.
The Balloon Flower likes partial shade to full sun and a good draining soil for best results. They bloom during the summer months and will grow 2.5 to 3.5 feet in height. They do best in zones 4 to 9 and are resistant to deer.
The Balsam plant will give your garden a touch of the tropics. They are very easy to care for and prefer the shadier areas of your garden. The blooms come in a rainbow of colors including white, pink, yellow, orange, and red. Mix and match for splendid colors in your garden.
They can tolerate the heat from the full sun but prefer partial shade and good draining soil. They bloom in the early summer to mid-fall months and will grow 1 to 2.5 feet in height. They do best in zones 3 to 7.
This is a perfect plant for cool shaded areas in your garden. This plant blooms small white flowers and bears ornamental fruit. Keep in mind, Ornamental Only! If consumed, these fruits or berries are very poisonous.
This plant prefers partial shade to full shade and good draining soil. They are non-invasive in gardens and will bloom in the late spring. They grow 1.5 to 3.5 feet in height and work best in zones 3 to 9.
Basket of Gold:
This is a low growing flower that is bright yellow in color. Its short height and yellow color make this plant perfect for rock gardens.
Basket of Gold thrives in full sunlight with a good draining soil. They bloom in the late spring and early summer and are resistant to deer. They grow 0.5 to 0.75 feet in height and they do best in zones 4 to 8.
This really beautiful type of flower is perfect if you want to attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Bee Balm also attracts bees and other important pollinators. Its beautiful vibrant scarlet color makes this flower highly prized among gardeners. Bee Balm varieties are also available in white, pink, blue, and violet. If you want a lot of colors in your garden, along with hummingbirds and butterflies, do not pass this flower up.
Bee Balm is native to North America in and around wooded areas. Its beautiful flower has an open, daisy-like shape with tubular petals.
This flower does very well in partial shade to full sunlight and requires damp soil. Bee Balm blooms in midsummer to late summer but not much after that. Its height ranges from 2 to 4 feet and grows best in zones 4 to 9.
This flower is also named the Scotch marigold, common marigold, ruddles, or pot marigold. It is a native of Southern Europe but has been naturalized by the Northern lands and other warm regions of the world. Its color ranges only between orange and yellow.
It is an herbaceous perennial, it is short-lived and aromatic and can grow up to 81 cm or 31 inches. The flower head, on the other hand, can expand up to 7 cm in diameter.
Originating from the Japanese and Chinese lands, this flower was regarded as a garden must-have since 1862. It is a popular plant for gardeners and is open to continuous hybrid procedures. It comes in mesmerizing purple and white edges.
There is a climbing variety of this flower that can reach fences or walls. It can also grow with a tree or shrub, it needs moist and cool soil to grow.
Native to the Mediterranean, Europe, and Somalia, this perennial flowering plant grows from a planter, with patterned leaves and upswept petals it is super cute and beautiful. Its color is pink – lavender, and it grows starting from the autumn season to winter and dies during the spring season.
This flower bears fruits, and it can be found at the stem of it. The flower stem bends or coils down to protect the growing process of the fruit. Then, the fruit is a round pod which can be opened through teeth or flaps.
This is a super unique, bushy and tuberous perennial plant that is a native of Central America and Mexico. It has a variety of colors, such as white, pink, red, maroon, violet, and orange. Also, it is commonly used as a garden plant for its eye-catching size and beauty.
Dahlias are known as shy flowers yet still able to catch attention due to is height. This flower can grow up to 8 feet long with huge flowers reaching 2 inches in diameter.
This flower is a garden plant that is used for additional color. It is identified as a succulent shrub or evergreen, and its color is pink. It is also used as a bonsai and houseplant in low temperate regions.
This plant can grow up to 3 meters with a swollen basal caudex, a stout, and pachycaul stems. It can be propagated through stem cuttings or seed.
This plant is known for it can be used not only as garden plants but also as ornamentals. It grows abundantly in the lands of Central Asia, Micronesian Islands, North Africa, and mainland Europe. The most common colors of this plant are lavender and pink.
This plant is used as food plants for larvae species such as orange swift and Coleophora Onosmella. Also, this plant is used for skincare applications and cosmetics due to its healthy contents called stearidonic, gamma-linolenic, and alpha-linolenic acids.
Erigeron plants can belong to perennials, biennials, and annuals species. It is characterized by rich colors such as white, yellow, pink, and lavender. It is a great ornamental plant that does a good thing in elevating both the mood and appearance of a garden.
Erigeron became an item in people’s gardens due to the flower’s beauty and convenience. Aside from that, it also received lots of named cultivars such as Dunkelste Aller, Foerster’s Liebling, Charity, and Wayne Roderick.
Also called as Bellis perennis, this plant gives radiance to garden slots. With its pure and calming color, which is white, it can also elevate the mood of the area. This plant has the same characteristics as daisies, yet it is a smaller version.
Due to being compared with the usual daisies, this plant is also named English daisy, lawn daisy, and common daisy. Historically, it was first called as woundwort and bruisewort. Also, it is a native to central, northern, and western Europe.
Known for its rich and splendid flowers, this plant comes in a variety of colors such as blue, purple, pink, and white. Floss flower is a great addition to your garden.
This plant is classified as a shrub or dwarf that can grow up to 1m high with triangular or ovate leaves. This plant needs an ample amount of sun exposure, as well as enough supply of water.
Known for its bell-shaped flowers facing the ground, this plant is a must-have in your garden. It has a variety of colors, like purple, yellow, pink, and white.
This plant is also called Digitalis, which is a genus of over 20 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and biennials. It is sometimes called as a finger-like flower for fingers that can be literally inserted inside the tube flower.
If you are looking for a flower that has radiance enough to catch attention, the best answer to that is Fucshia. The flower is also decorative and can be used as an additional piece of attraction inside or outside the house.
This plant needs sun to grow, as well as water. It can grow up to 13 ft. and also has a tree version that can grow up to 49 ft.
Another flowering plant that is ideal for your garden is the Geranium. This plant comes in different colors, such as purple, pink, yellow, and white.
This plant has the capability of doing seed dispersal. Here, the flowers contain columns that are beak-like and cast seeds once ripe. Also, it can grow in any kind of soil that does not have the chance of being waterlogged. The Geranium flower can grow abundantly in sunny areas and can extend up to 5 meters tall.
If you are looking for a flowering plant that has a unique form, the Grape Hyacinth is all you need. This plant has the same shape and color as grapes where it originated.
This plant is also called as bluebells and, in some places, bluebonnets. This is because of its unique characteristic that looks either like a bonnet or bell that faces the ground. Also, this plant can grow in a sunny area with enough supply of water.
This plant has four rows of leaves in decussate opposite pairs. This is a must-have plant in your house or garden, for it has different styles and characteristics that can give a change to your space.
This flower of this plant is perfect, as well as the corolla, which has four unequal lobes. In addition, the flower has a long style and two stamens. Starting from being a shrub, this can grow up to 7 meters.
This plant is a must-have. With its bouquet-like flower, it can easily elevate not only the appearance but also the mood of your space. It comes in different colors such as blue, white, yellow, and pink.
This plant is commonly found in temperate lands wherein there is enough exposure to sun and water. It can also grow from 1 to 3 meters while providing a rich and bountiful bunch of flowers.
This is not literally a plant made of ice. This is called its name due to the glistening epidermal bladder cells.
Ice plants are also called vygie, which means small figs. These small figs, on the other hand, represents a fruiting capsule that defines it. Also, this plant is used as an alternative to spinach whenever a shortage occurs. It is best with fresh vegetable salad due to its crunchy texture and rich taste.
This plant is also called as kangkung or water convolvulus, morning glory, bindweed, sweet potato, moonflowers, and other else. This is used as an ornamental with its wonderful flower structure and color- white, pink, and purple.
The genus of this plant found in root crops is edible and can be eaten. It only needs to be cleaned and blanched or cooked properly.
This is a shrub known for its calming appearance given by its color and structure. This plant has white to pinkish colored flowers that can give additional radiance to space.
This shrub can grow in a sunny area with enough supply of water. It is best to grow in gardens as it can give beauty and scent within the space. Also, this plant can grow 1 to 2 meters tall and 3 meters wide.
Known as a perennial, pincushion-like, and bearing crimson flowers, this plant is best grown with silver-leaved plants. Its color ranges from white and purple.
This plant is regarded as a magnet for butterflies and bees due to its sweet scent. Also, it is best grown to fill any gap in a meadow, garden, or other sun-exposed areas. Lastly, this plant needs staking, for it has tendencies to sprawl.
If you are looking for a flowering woody plant for your garden, Lilac might be the answer. This plant is widely cultivated in temperate areas and provides a wonderful view due to its lilac-colored flowers.
Lilacs are small plants that can grow up to 32 ft. tall and 12 inches in diameter. The leaves are heart-shaped, which makes it an ideal tree scrub for gardens and parks. This plant can grow in sunny areas even without such an amount of water supply.
Lupin, lupine, or lupines, this plant is great as an ornament for a garden or park. With its variety of colors: white, red, pink, purple, blue, yellow, this plant can make any space much more beautiful and relaxing.
This flowering plant belongs to the legume family, and it is being cultivated in North and South America. Also, aside from being an ornament, this plant is also a great source of food despite being considered as a threat in New Zealand.
To provide a garden or flower park with uniqueness, Matthiola must be considered. This plant has a unique purple flower structure, which makes it an attention stealer.
This plant came from the mustard family of flowering plants. Its common name is stock, which is widely used by other parts of the world.
Another uniquely-structured flowering plant is Nerine. This flowering plant has a lot of colors, such as red, white, purple, pink, and many more.
Nerine can grow up to 3 inches and has out-going buds wherein the nectar is located. Also, this plant can grow in areas wherein there is enough exposure to the sun. Another good thing about this plant is that it does not need a lot of effort, only removal of weeds that tries to steal its nutrients.
This is not literally an onion but rather a flowering plant that is shaped like an onion. Ornamental onion is an ideal flowering plant that can be added to gardens or flower parks. Aside from its round and bushy-like flower, it has a radiant purple color, which helps it stand out among other flowers.
This flowering plant can grow up to 3 meters in sunny areas. Also, the flowers star from being a bulb that continuously grows to become a rounded bulk of tiny flowers.
To have an aesthetic vibe in your garden even without roses, peonies can be alternatives. This flowering plant produces a cute rose-like flower. That’s why it is one of the most requested flower bouquets as a gift for the ladies.
It is being cultivated mostly in Asia, North America, and Europe. It is also declared as the official flower of Indiana, USA.
Queen Anne’s Lace
Another unique flowering plant that can be considered in a garden is the Queen Anne’s lace. This flowering plant is known for its pure white flattened flower that can be viewed better once seen from above.
This flower was named after Queen Anna, and it is also called as the Bishop’s lace. It is a native of Europe, North America, Southeast Asia, and Australia.
Known for its pinkish flowers and unique multi-flower look, this flowering plant is a great addition to your garden.
This flowering plant can grow in areas with great sub exposure and humidity. The colors of its flowers are mostly pinkish and white. Some varieties have orange-colored flowers.
This flowering plant is known for its flowers that have radiant colors: purple, white, red, yellow, maroon, and pink.
It belongs to the honeysuckle flowering plants’ family. It can grow in a sunny area wherein there is enough flow of air and water as well.
With flowers that have radiant red, purple, pink, and white colors, these flowering plants are a must-have for your garden.
The sweet pea flower can grow up to 2 meters as it climbs through walls, wood, trees, and other surfaces. It is native in Sicily, Italy, and Cyprus.
This flowering plant produces bright yellow-orange flowers that belong in the perennial family of sunflowers.
It is also called as marigold, which is a well-known flower used as an insect repellent due to its strong scent. Aside from giving your garden a brighter view, it can also take insects away only with its scent.
If you are looking for an eye-catching flower, Trachelium is what you need. This flowering plant has flowers that are mostly purple in color.
This flowering plant can up to 2 meters with a bunch of flowers on top. It can be grown abundantly in sunny areas with water as well.
Another flowering plant that you can consider for your garden is the Urn plant. This flowering plant has flowers that come in pink color.
This flowering plant is native to Brazil, especially in its deep jungles. Aside from that, it can be grown as a houseplant, which provides additional beauty to your space.
This flowering plant can bear not only flowers but also fruits. This is great to plant inside a park or garden with benches.
Uva Ursi is also called Bearberry, which produces berries and can be found in the rich lands of Canada and the United States.
If you are looking for small tree-like plants that look like a cherry blossom for your garden, the Viburnum is a good choice.
This flowering plant bears white flowers that represent purity and calmness. Also, this plant can grow up to 5 meters with cotton-like flowers all over it. This is best when placed in a pot either for outside or inside the house.
With its vibrant pink, white, and blue flowers, the Wishbone flower can do great things for a garden.
This flowering plant can grow up to 15 inches tall that is already enough to cover some of the space in a garden or park. The flowers of this plant also bloom abundantly, which provides a better view and mood.
Another flowering plant that must not be forgotten in a garden is the Woolly Violet. This flowering plant literally produces flowers that are violet in color.
Woolly Violet can grow up to 10 inches tall, and it is also called as wood violet, hooded violet, and lesbian flower. Aside from that, it belongs in the family of herbaceous perennial plants.
This flowering plant is greatly used for the production of headdresses. With its radiant variety of colors: violet, white, pink, yellow, and orange, this plant can really make any place much better and calm.
This flowering plant can grow up to 12 inches tall, and it must be planted in sun-exposed areas. Its flower can be compared to water lilies, for it has double layers providing better depth at the center bud.
If you are looking for a flowering plant that has double purposes, Yarrow is the only thing you need.
This flowering plant is known as a heat-resistant wherein it can stand extreme heat. Also, it can be grown in any sun-exposed area. This flowering plant is widely used as a medicine for stomach issues such as gas and diarrhea. It can also be used as a treatment for runny nose, asthma, cold, and liver disorders.
For the last flowering plant, Zinnia Elegans are amazing flower balls, great for additional color in a garden. The colors of this plant range from red, orange, yellow, pink, and white.
This flowering plant can grow up to 5 ft. tall wherein it makes way for abundant blooms. Also, it is called youth and age flower, which is widely cultivated in temperate areas of the world like Asia, South America, and Australia.