Types of Flowers – Flowers are beautiful, come in a massive array of shapes, sizes, and colors. Different types of flowers are used for many reasons in almost all cultures. Flowers differentiate from one region to another and when they actually bloom depends on their natural environment. Tropical flowers, wildflowers, roses, tulips, and carnations have been used for bouquets, centerpieces, and adornments in a woman’s hair.
As for color, there’s a rainbow of choices including, white, red, pink, orange, yellow, and their incredible scents that range from very sweet to spicy. Artists and poets, alike, have rejoiced in the beauty of flowers.
Types of Plants
Species of plants date back to the beginning of time and what many people don’t realize, there are well over 400,000 species of plants! That is more than the number of species of butterflies, birds, and bees put together!
Types of flowers and plants can be found everywhere including grasslands, forests, deserts, and many other locations. Of course, flowers are also found in thousands and thousands of gardens from national parks to your backyard.
If you are a novice and want to start your own little paradise in your yard, you should first know what types of flowers will work best for you and how to keep them healthy. With the incredibly large selection of flowers, it can become a little overwhelming!
We have put together a large library of flowers for you to read up on to understand their individual needs from proper soils, the amount of sunlight required, and watering needs. You should also know what zones various flowers grow the best in. So read on and find the perfect types of flowers for your garden, for a bouquet, or a potted plant for a friend.
This plant grows from a bulb and is the first flower to bloom in the spring. They are a lovely bright yellow in color and work best if planted in a large group. They offer a magnificent aroma which is similar to honey.
Aconite needs partial shade and good draining soil. They will grow 0.25 to 0.5 feet in height and do best in zones 4 to 9. They bloom in the early spring and are quite resistant to deer!
Ageratum aka Flossflower:
This lovely flower comes in pink flowers, white, and blue blossoms. They vary in height but the taller ones are great as cut flowers to display in your home. The really small, low to the ground varieties are best used for ground cover in your garden.
They work best in partial shade to full sun and need good draining soil. They will grow from 0.5 to 2 feet in height and bloom from mid-summer to mid-fall. The best zones for Ageratum are 5 to 9.
Allium Types of Flowers:
Known for their splendid tall stems and large round heads. Allium comes in 5 different varieties with blooms that are usually violet, but some varieties are blue or pink flowers.
They need full sun to grow well and need really good draining soil. They do best in zones 3 to 10 and can grow in height from 1 to 6 feet. They bloom during late spring and mid-summer.
There are approximately 120 species of this flower but the most common are native to North America. This is a very dainty plant that will not grow well in droughts, wet winter months, or windy areas. They come in white, violet, and pink flowers.
Anemone does well in partial shade or full sunlight and needs well-draining soil that is high in nutrients. Their height ranges from 2.5 to 5 feet and will bloom during mid-spring to mid-fall. They do best in zones 3 to 9 and are resistant to deer.
This plant is often found in tea or herbal drinks and their stems are often used for making candy. There are well over 50 species and attracts many pollinators including bees. They are known for their incredibly large star-burst flowers that bloom in white or green.
They do really well in either partial shade or full sunlight and demand a well-drained soil that is high in nutrients. They bloom in the summer months and will grow to 3 to 6 feet in height. Angelica is resistant to deer and works best in zones 4 to 9.
Angelonia works really well in a container garden and will continually bloom throughout the entire summer even after old blooms have been removed. Once they are at a good height, you can cut them and bring them inside. They have a wonderful scent that is very similar to apples.
This type of flower needs full sun and a damp soil. They will continually bloom from mid-summer to mid-fall and will tolerate heat. They grow to heights of 2 to 3 feet and work best in zones 9 to 11.
If you live in an area that experiences droughts, this type of flower will tolerate really well. The plant has a beautiful silver-colored flower and will do well even with minimal watering. You can create are really lovely garden with Artemisia in your rather drought-stricken region.
Artemisia needs full sun and good draining soil. They are non-invasive and bloom in late summer. They will grow from 6 to 8 feet in height and do best in zones 6 to 8.
This beautiful, bright flower is appropriately named after the Latin word meaning star. They attract butterflies and come in a large range of colors including violet, white, red, blue, indigo, and pink flowers. They usually continue to bloom in the cooler months of fall.
Asters do well in partial shade to full sunlight and need good draining soil. They bloom in late spring and grow from 0.25 to 4 feet in height. They do best in zones 4 to 8.
Astilbe aka False Goat’s Beard:
Its flowers are long and fern-like which is actually deceptive because they are quite delicate in nature. This flower is native to mountain areas and woodlands in Asia and North America. There are approximately 18 species and can grow in a great deal of shade but will not bloom very often. This is a great plant for adding color in a garden that gets little sunlight and can tolerate damp soil. To prolong the foliage, provide some shade from the hot afternoon sun.
They prefer partial shade to full sunlight and good draining, humus-rich soil. Dry soil will kill this plant. They bloom in the late spring to early fall and will grow to 1.5 to 6 feet in height. They do best in zones 4 to 9.
This flower was named after the French artist, Claude Aubriet who was famous for painting them. This is a spreading plant that is low to the ground and blooms with small white, violet, and pink flowers. This is a perfect plant for rock gardens and really loves sandy soil.
Aubrieta like full sunlight and good draining nutrient-rich soil. They bloom from mid-spring to early summer and are non-invasive in gardens. They grow from 0.5 to 0.75 feet and do best in zones 4 to 9.
Azalea Pink Flowers:
These gorgeous, elegant flowers are known for their brilliant colors and foliage. The blooms are deep purple that will turn soft lilac and the magenta will turn pink. There are literally thousands of varieties to choose from and require very little care.
They thrive in partial shade and need good draining soil. They bloom during the spring months and will grow 3 to 4 feet in height and do best in zones 3 to 6.
This flower starts off with hollow buds that, as it continues to grow, will burst open into a beautiful star-shaped flower. These flowers are quite resilient to many garden conditions, does well in different soils, sun and watering levels.
The Balloon Flower likes partial shade to full sun and a good draining soil for best results. They bloom during the summer months and will grow 2.5 to 3.5 feet in height. They do best in zones 4 to 9 and are resistant to deer.
The Balsam plant will give your garden a touch of the tropics. They are very easy to care for and prefer the shadier areas of your garden. The blooms come in a rainbow of colors including white, pink, yellow, orange, and red. Mix and match for splendid colors in your garden.
They can tolerate the heat from the full sun but prefer partial shade and good draining soil. They bloom in the early summer to mid-fall months and will grow 1 to 2.5 feet in height. They do best in zones 3 to 7.
This is a perfect plant for cool shaded areas in your garden. This plant blooms small white flowers and bears ornamental fruit. Keep in mind, Ornamental Only! If consumed, these fruits or berries are very poisonous.
This plant prefers partial shade to full shade and good draining soil. They are non-invasive in gardens and will bloom in the late spring. They grow 1.5 to 3.5 feet in height and work best in zones 3 to 9.
Basket of Gold:
This is a low growing flower that is bright yellow in color. Its short height and yellow color make this plant perfect for rock gardens.
Basket of Gold thrives in full sunlight with a good draining soil. They bloom in the late spring and early summer and are resistant to deer. They grow 0.5 to 0.75 feet in height and they do best in zones 4 to 8.
This really beautiful type of flower is perfect if you want to attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Bee Balm also attracts bees and other important pollinators. Its beautiful vibrant scarlet color makes this flower highly prized among gardeners. Bee Balm varieties are also available in white, pink, blue, and violet. If you want a lot of colors in your garden, along with hummingbirds and butterflies, do not pass this flower up.
Bee Balm is native to North America in and around wooded areas. Its beautiful flower has an open, daisy-like shape with tubular petals.
This flower does very well in partial shade to full sunlight and requires damp soil. Bee Balm blooms in midsummer to late summer but not much after that. Its height ranges from 2 to 4 feet and grows best in zones 4 to 9.