Hardwood floor refinishing – If you want to perform hardwood floor refinishing, you will see that this type of work is rather hard to do and very challenging most of the time. If you do even a simple mistake, you will see that it can show very fast. On the other hand, you will see that the end result can be great. If you hire a professional, it can cost you around $5 per square foot, sometimes even more than that. You can try to do it on your own if you want!
1. Find the best sanding equipment
If you are a newcomer and you don’t want to do this for a living, random orbital sanders are great for hardwood floor refinishing. They will eat up more time when compared to the drum sanders, but on the other hand you won’t damage the floor with them. With the random orbital sanders, you will see that you get to keep the sander level at normal and you can also move against or with the wood grain.
2. Be careful
As you can imagine, there are potential injury problems that may come when you are transporting any sanders from the rental store and up to your home. It can be a very good idea to use ramps in order to move the machine adequately. Empty it before you begin just to be safe.
3. Take the right precautions
When you do sanding and hardwood floor refinishing, you will generate a lot of fumes and dust. It may not sound like much, but you do need things like earplugs and maybe even some masks when you want to apply the sealers and the polyurethane that’s oil based. Wearing the NIOSH approved organic vapor respirators, eye protection and gloves can be a very good idea.
4. Avoid being too aggressive
The recommended option is to start with the coarse-grit abrasives as this will allow you to eliminate the older finish. Stay away from using the grits coarser which is higher than 60 as it can bring in a lot of damage. start with finer ones and then continue until you get to reach the smoothness you want. Granted, it will require a bit of time and effort but results can indeed pay off. Sanding is similar to mowing, you need to do it row after row.
5. Keep in mind the corners
Yes, the palm sander will be very good for the baseboard molding sanding, yet the sharp scraper can be used to eliminate any finish that the sander might not be able to remove. Make sure that you use scrapers as they will allow you to do a great job as a whole!
6. Guard against dust and hair
After you are done with sanding, you will need to go ahead and remove the dust via wiping the sanded areas and vacuuming with some tack clock. In case you end up finding a stray hair here, make sure that you use a very fine abrasive to eliminate that. Use a pin to remove it and resand. You will then have to perform recoating with poly and the hair mark will be eliminated in the end.
While you don’t really need the sealer coat, the reality is that this will allow you to keep the floor even. It’s a good idea to test this in an area which will not be easy to see, as it will deliver a good insight into what you can do. If you don’t place the sealer in an even manner, you will see that some stop marks, skipped areas and lap marks can remain on the floor.
8. Put stain evenly
When you are working with hardwood floor refinishing, you need to place the stain evenly. The idea is to make sure that you add the stain with an applicator one small area at once, if there is any excess you can rub it off with a rag. The oil based stains are a better option here, so try to use them.
9. Use the thin coats
You will see that a lot of industry professionals are actually pouring poly on the floor and then they use a lamb wool applicator that has 18 inches in order to apply this properly. Novices will not do this most of the time. Thin coats need to be recommended here and using a foam roller can help you do that. It’s a good idea to use a brush if you want to cut around the perimeter.
10. Have an exit strategy
Focus on creating an exit strategy. Start applying from the wall that is opposite to the door. Once you get close, you will need to modify the pattern you use as that will allow you to get the results you want. Add some poly if necessary as it will deliver great self-leveling features!
Project Guide: Refinishing Hardwood Floors
There aren’t that many DIY projects as amazing as hardwood floor refinishing. It’s all about learning how to do this properly, and here you have some great ideas to keep in mind.
1. Watch Your Back
Remember that you should use a ramp if you want to move the sanders. It’s simpler, safer and a lot easier in the end.
A ramp may be used to move heavy sanders from your vehicle to the ground, or from your porch through your threshold as shown here.
It’s a very good idea to start sanding just like mowing. Start row after row and make sure that you go over the runs with around half the sander width. Keep in mind that you need to go multiple times over the same place with the same grit.
3. Sharpen Scraper
Yes, you have to sharpen the scraper, you should use a mill bastard file. If there are any original bevels, use them.
4. Shop Vac
Use the shop vac if you can. Make sure that you put a new brush and filter to make the entire process faster and easier.
5. Wipe with Tack Cloth
Just a simple wipe will remove the dust, it can do a great job even if you just vacuumed.
Try to use the lamb wool application in order to add the sealers based on shellac.
7. Cutting In
If you have to start cutting, use a brush as this will help you cut around the entire perimeter.
8. Applying Stain
When you do hardwood floor refinishing, you need to add stain using the regular painting techniques. It’s a very good idea to begin the stroke similar to the place you just coated. Brush to meet the previous area and that’s it. This will bring you an even coverage, so try to keep that in mind!
9. Remove Excess Stain
Yes, there are times when you have to remove the extra stain, use a rag in order to do that. There will be a problem finding a good tone across the entire surface.
10. Applying Polyurethane
Add some polyurethane in the parallel rows, make sure that the row will overlap the next one. The idea here is to try and make smoothing strokes once you complete each row and then avoid the thicker coats.
11. Applying Polyurethane
It’s important to sand in between the coats with the 320 grit paper. If possible, you can use a sanding pole as this will make the process easier. Make sure that you wipe the surface with the tack cloth or maybe even the rag that has some dampened minerals.
Main Reasons Why You are Ruining your Wood Floors But you are Unaware of
If there is a list of one of the most important elements inside your home, that is, without a doubt, your floors. Hardwood floor refinishing adds character and warmth to your home, whether rustic or contemporary. If you give them proper care they need, they can make your home beautiful and pleasant to look at as time passes by. Making few mistakes on how you treat your hardwood floors, however, can ruin the ambiance of your home. You need to make sure that you don’t make any of these mistakes that can ruin your wood floor.
1. Forgetting to clean
Vacuuming and sweeping hardwood floor refinishing is not just a great tip for cleaning. It is also capable of prolonging the life of your floor. Abrasive particles, dirt, and dust can dull and scratch your floors whenever they are underfoot. Cleaning it up more often can keep them from having unwanted damages.
2. Using the wrong equipment
Vacuuming is one of the important tasks to keep dirt and dusk off of wood floors and out of crevices and cracks. However, you need to know that you also have to use the right equipment, particularly the attachments. Beater bars on your vacuum could scratch wood floors. Perhaps, try using a hardwood brush attachment.
Moisture is capable in absorbing the fiber of the wood floors and can cause boards to separate, warp, cup, and swell. In case your hardwood floor refinishing needs a serious cleaning, you can use a damp cloth or mop and dry the floor as soon as possible using a towel.
4. Neglected spills
Caked and dried spills take so much force in removing if you just let it be. You can avoid this problem if you wipe spills up right away using a clean, soft cloth.
5. The use of high heels
Let’s face it, nobody has ever thought about this. But walking on your hardwood floor refinishing with your stiletto can also cause much damage. The force you release while walking with sharp shoescouls easily scratch wood floors. Minimize the risk of unwanted scratches from similar damaging stuff by using protectors under your chair legs, tables and also keeping the nails of your dog clipped and trimmed.
6. Absence of entry mat
An entry mat is your first defense against dust, dirt, gravel, or any other elements from the outdoors. Having a mat will not just make your floors cleaner, it is also a perfect landing spot for your family and visitor shoes.
7. Usage of oil based cleaners
Even though there are a lot of products who claim to be safe for your hardwood floor refinishing, it doesn’t automatically mean that it is right for you. Products like oil-based cleaners, wax, or polishes is capable to make your floors dull and letting them age ahead of time.
Perfect way to care for your hardwood floors
Depending on how we take care of it, our floors can totally make or break the inside look of our home. But let’s admit that no matter how much we want to take care of it or clean it, there are some unwanted things that happen. Hardwood floor refinishing in particular, requires an extra special care, so they will always look perfect. It is very important that you need to learn how you can clean and care for your floors on a proper way. There are harsh cleansers that are capable of damaging the board and pet stains can also ruin the looks of it. Don’t even get it started when the general cleaning day comes- where you need to move a few furniture around and this can also cause damage on your floor,
A regular maintenance to your floor is the key for a perfect care on your hardwood floor refinishing. Maintain your wood floors by cleaning and vacuuming them as often as possible using a hardwood attachments on your vacuum. Removing the excess dirt and dust can also be a great advantage. Using that mildest cleaning solution is also recommended together with a damp cloth or rag. Bear in mind that any moisture you have applied will be dried completely right away.
However, it is important to note that your hardwood floors don’t just need cleaning. You still need to take extra precautions in protecting your hardwood floor refinishing so they are able to stay in perfect shape for the next years to follow.
1. Buy the right vacuum
It’s no doubt that you can use vacuum cleaners for your floor but you need to choose that vacuum which can work perfectly on your floor.
2. Less means more
If you have a dirty floor, don’t ever think about using more cleanser on it. You can just thoroughly clean or vacuum it first. Use an exact amount of cleanser in wiping them clean. Use a product which is safe for your floor by reading the labels.
3. Only use gentle cleansers
White vinegar or gentle soap and water are perfect for starters. Whatever it is that you’ve chosen, don’t put it directly on the floor. Use a soft cloth or mop in cleaning them.
4. Be extra careful with the furniture
Moving your furniture is one of the several ways on why you damage your floors. During general cleaning, pick them up instead of pulling or pushing. Otherwise, it will only lead you to buying new rugs so you can cover up those unsightly scratches on your hardwood floor refinishing.
5. Fixing dents
Dented floors might need replacement, on the other hand, that could be a huge project. If you have smaller dents, steam iron can help you out. How? By ironing at a hidden spot, wet the area then place your wet towel over it and apply the heated iron to your cloth and wait for a short time. The heat will compress the fiber putting it back at its shape.
If you want to hardwood floor refinishing, use an orbital sander and sandpaper fine enough not to damage your hardwood floors.